Volume 16, Issue 9, Summer 2005, Page 1-27

Effect of Ethanolic Extract and Crude Alkaloides of Peganum harmala Seeds on The Viability of Echinococcus granulosus Protoscolices in vitro

Marwa H. Hammoshi; Adeeba Y. Shareef; Gihan Th. Younis

Rafidain Journal of Science, 2005, Volume 16, Issue 9, Pages 1-8
DOI: 10.33899/rjs.2005.43250

The crude ethanolic extract and crude alkaloids of Peganum harmala seeds were prepared, the scolicidal effect of these extracts on the protoscolices of Echinococcus granulosus in vitro were determined at 4C and 37C at different time intervals.
Both extracts exerted higher effect at 37C, and the crude alkaloid extract was more effective than the ethanolic extract as it gave a scolicidal effect at a concentration of 31 mg/ml and it i also exerted a complete scolicidal effect at (48-72) hrs. which was similar to the effect of mebendazole.

Comparative in Vitro Activity of Allium Sativum (garlic) Aqueous Extract with Other Selected Antibiotics against Brucella Melitensis

Saba A. S. H. Al-Sultan; Mekdad R.A. Al-Juwary

Rafidain Journal of Science, 2005, Volume 16, Issue 9, Pages 9-16
DOI: 10.33899/rjs.2005.43254

The aqueous Allium sativum crude extract was tested in vitro by using the two standard techniques, Zone–of-Inhibition (Kurbey and Bauer) and Turbidometric assays against some of the common Brucella melitensis clinical isolates in Mosul . It was found that the concentrated aqueous crude extract (1000 mg/ml D.W) of A. sativum had the most powerful inhibition activity against the dose 1 × 107 viable bacteria /ml compared with the rest concentrations of A.sativum used. These inhibitory activities of A.sativum crude extracts were compared with the standard antibiotic zones commonly used for the brucella bacteria therapy. It was found that these following concentrations 0.002, 0.03, 0.008, 0.07 and 0.7-6 mg/ml were the standards for the antibiotics Tetracycline, Ampicillin, Erythromycin, Streptomycin and Rifampicin respectively. The in vivo work is under estimation in our laboratory. However, such encouraging results suggest the alternative herbal therapy against Brucella species in future.

Using of Aminothiophenol in Modified Latex Agglutination Test (MAT) for Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis in High Risk Pregnancies in Nenava Governorate

Farah H. Al-Khaffaf; Basima A. AbdullahBasima A. Abdullah

Rafidain Journal of Science, 2005, Volume 16, Issue 9, Pages 17-22
DOI: 10.33899/rjs.2005.43255

Using of Aminothiophenol which contain active Mercaptan group in modified Latex Agglutination Test (MAT) instead of 2-Mercaptoe-thanol for diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis in (150) pregnant women whom their age between (20) years, and their antibodies titer in LAT between (8-64).
The results shows that the (0.5) M of Aminothiophenol has the same efficiency with (0.2) M of 2-Mercaptoethanol compound in destroying immnoglobulin M (IgM), but the concentration (0.4) M of Aminothiophenol has low efficiency especially at titer of (64).

Primary Colonic Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Case Report and Review of Literature

Layth Q. Al-Harbawi

Rafidain Journal of Science, 2005, Volume 16, Issue 9, Pages 23-27
DOI: 10.33899/rjs.2005.43258

Primary lymphoma of the colon is rare in clinical practice and sometimes difficult to diagnose. The author here described a case of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the large bowel, who presented with a palpable abdominal mass without clinical evidence of obstruction; ultrasound diagnosed a solid mass in the right iliac fossa. Laparotomy revealed a big mass extending from the caecum to the whole ascending colon and partially fixed to the posterior abdominal wall. Right hemicolectomy performed with iliotransverse anastamosis. The diagnosis of low grade B-cell lymphoma was established by histopathological examination.