The Design and Manufacturing of a Czerny-Turner Spectrometer and a Spherical Aberration Reduction Mechanism for the Spectrometer
Rafidain Journal of Science,
2022, Volume 31, Issue 4, Pages 43-54
One of the most important diagnostic tools for a better understanding of actual systems is the spectroscopic examination of the physical properties of plasma and other bright sources. Atomic transitions of optical wavelengths are frequently used in a range of plasma devices as indicators of plasma characteristics like temperature and density. The design and construction of an effective spectrophotometer were motivated by the requirements of our ongoing plasma physics research. One of the most crucial methods for figuring out the density and temperature of electrons is the optical spectroscopic emission method. This study focused on the design and production of a low-cost Cherny-Turner spectrometer that could be produced locally. Using a manual micrometer, the slitter's exact movement is managed. Two quartz concave mirrors, one with a focal length of 15.375 cm and the other with a focal length of 16.825 cm, were employed. The spherical aberration was then treated by lowering the angle of incidence and angle of diffraction as much as feasible. The spectrometer's light input was focused, and the mirror positions were calibrated. The positions of the mirrors were calibrated with the diffraction grating to the location of the camera, first manually using a red laser light with a wavelength (650nm), and then using a CCD camera to locate the final image. With the movement of the diffraction grating to scan the wavelengths and analyze the light to its original components.
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