Detection of Bacteria Causing Skin Infections in Mosul City and Studying its Resistance to Antibiotics
AbstractThe current study was conducted to detect the bacteria that causes skin infections in Mosul city and to study its resistance pattern to different antibiotics. For this purpose, 30 swab samples were collected from different skin infections from patients referred to the dermatology consultations of Al-Salam Teaching Hospital and Mosul GeneralHospital in Mosul city. The results of isolation and diagnosis showed that (20) samples, 66.6% of the total samples were positive for bacterial culture. (56.5%) of isolated bacteria were Gram-negative and 43.5% belonged to Gram-positive bacteria. The isolation percentage for Staphylococcus aureus and Sphingomonas paucimobillis were (17.3%) each, Pantoea spp. (13%), and all three species belonging to the genus Kocuria and Klebsiella pneumonia was 8.6% each, while Acinetobacter baumannii , Brevundimonas diminuta, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Pseudomonas luteola were isolated by (4.3%) each.
The results for antibiotic sensitivity showed the prevalence of multidrug resistance (MDR) phenomenon in all isolates, and the isolates showed a clear variation in their resistance to each antibiotic. The highest percentage of resistance towards antibiotics were (69.5%) and (60.8%) against the Oxacillin and Penicillin, respectively. All isolates were sensitive towards levofloxacin, which makes it a suitable treatment option for infections associated with the bacteria understudy.
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